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铜佛像形象应时代审美观念变化而变化

发布时间:2019-07-07点击量:34

       铜佛像作为宗教崇拜的对象,有以下三个特点:一是它的宗教性。铜佛像体现佛教的庄严、神圣、慈悲的精神。所以在造型的铜佛像制作,它必须严格遵循佛教的教义规范, 就是造像仪规。这就决定了佛教造像中佛、菩萨、罗 汉、明王、护法、祖师等等造像的造型。二是它的社会性。造像要有人崇拜,就必须与现实社会息息相关,在不同的时代,为了让人们理解和接受佛教精神,就要迎合不同时代的审美需求。这就使各个时代的佛教造像,体现出各自鲜明的时代特征。三是它的艺术性。无论是宗教性也好,社会性也好,要体现出来,都必须经过艺术手段的加工。所以每个朝代的铜佛像都有他独有的特性。http://www.weihengdiaosu.com/list.asp?classid=12

    As the object of religious worship, the bronze Buddha statue has three characteristics: one is its religion. The bronze Buddha statue embodies the solemn, sacred and compassionate spirit of Buddhism. Therefore, in the production of bronze Buddha statues, it must strictly follow the Buddhist doctrine norms, that is, statue-making rituals. This determines the shape of Buddha, Bodhisattva, Arhat, King of the Ming Dynasty, Dharma Protector, Grandmaster and so on in Buddhist statues. The second is its sociality. In order to be worshipped, statues must be closely related to the real society. In different times, in order to make people understand and accept the spirit of Buddhism, we must cater to the aesthetic needs of different times. This makes Buddhist statues of different times reflect their distinct characteristics of the times. Third, it is artistic. Whether religious or social, it must be processed by artistic means to embody it. So the bronze Buddha statues of each dynasty have their unique characteristics.

 

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     宋代铜佛像以菩萨像居多,有的高发髻,脸上胖下尖,身段高长。有的腿为一拱一掉,香炉,左手臂放于拱腿上,右手往下垂搭,平按于座上。衣裙稍有褶,掉于腿后,左手盘于腿上,右手于腹前伸。佩戴缨络,身坐两层莲花的细腰圆座。宋代出现了菩萨铜像,坐于长方形四腿座上或像背、狮背、犼背上。 铜佛像制作工艺在现在的发展是比较慢的,原因在于这种器物的使用已经不多了,而且使用的专一比较强,一般来说铜佛像的铸造都是一些佛寺需要的。而说到铜佛像的铸造,其实这种铸造的工艺至今还是比较传统的,这种工艺首先需要打造一个佛像的胚体,而这种胚的制造需要根据原定的设计进行打造的。胚体完成之后, 这种胚磨到事先准备好的模具上,等。


      Most of the bronze Buddha statues in the Song Dynasty were Bodhisattva statues, some with high hair, fat face and long stature. Some legs are arched off, incense burner, left arm on the arch leg, right hand hanging down, flat on the seat. The skirt is slightly folded and falls behind the leg. The left hand is on the leg and the right hand is on the abdomen. Wear a silk ribbon and sit on a thin waist round seat with two layers of lotus flowers. Bronze statues of Bodhisattvas appeared in the Song Dynasty, sitting on rectangular four-legged seats or on the backs of statues, lions and priests. The process of making bronze Buddha statues is developing slowly nowadays. The reason is that the use of this kind of artifacts is not enough, and the use of specificity is relatively strong. Generally speaking, the casting of bronze Buddha statues is needed by some Buddhist temples. When it comes to the casting of bronze Buddha statues, in fact, this casting process is still relatively traditional. This process first needs to create an embryo body of Buddha statues, which needs to be made according to the original design. After the embryo body is finished, grind the embryo to the prepared mould, etc.  


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      铜佛像品种很多,可以根据不同的人物进行区分,如观音像、如来像等等,根据佛像的大小可以分为大型佛像、小型佛像等等,根据处理工艺可以分为镀金佛像、鎏金佛像等等各种、双可分为铸铜佛像、青铜佛像等等各种不同品种.佛像在当今社会已经超越了原来宗教供奉的范围,在景观雕塑中也起到了一定的作用.而铜佛像的发展也在很大程度上得益于佛教文化的发展.


       There are many kinds of bronze Buddha statues, which can be distinguished according to different characters, such as Guanyin, Tathagata and so on. According to the size of Buddha statues, they can be divided into large Buddha statues, small Buddha statues and so on. According to the processing technology, they can be divided into gold-plated Buddha statues, gold Buddha statues and so on. Double Buddha statues can be divided into cast bronze Buddha statues, bronze Buddha statues and so on. Like in today's society has gone beyond the scope of the original religious worship, also played a role in landscape sculpture. And the development of bronze Buddha statues also largely benefited from the development of Buddhist culture.


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